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05 August, 2017

12c MultiTenant Posts -- 7 : Adding Custom Service to PDB (nonRAC/GI)

Earlier I have already demonstrated adding and managing custom services in a RAC environment in a blog post and a video.

But what if you are running Single Instance and not using Grid Infrastructure?  The srvctl command in Grid Infrastructure is what you'd use to add and manage services in RAC and Oracle Restart environments.  But without Grid Infrastructure, you can fall back on DBMS_SERVICE.

The DBMS_SERVICE API has been available since Oracle 8i -- when Services were introduced.

Here is a quick demo of some facilities with DBMS_SERVICE.

1.  Adding a Custom Service into a PDB :

$sqlplus system/oracle@NEWPDB

SQL*Plus: Release 12.2.0.1.0 Production on Sat Aug 5 22:52:21 2017

Copyright (c) 1982, 2016, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Last Successful login time: Mon Jul 10 2017 22:22:30 +08:00

Connected to:
Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.2.0.1.0 - 64bit Production

SQL> show con_id  

CON_ID
------------------------------
4
SQL> 
SQL> execute dbms_service.create_service('HR','HR');

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

SQL> execute dbms_service.start_service('HR');

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

SQL> 


Connecting to the service via tnsnames.

SQL> connect hemant/hemant@HR
Connected.
SQL> show con_id

CON_ID
------------------------------
4
SQL> 


2.  Disconnecting all connected users on the Service

$sqlplus system/oracle@NEWPDB

SQL*Plus: Release 12.2.0.1.0 Production on Sat Aug 5 23:02:47 2017

Copyright (c) 1982, 2016, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Last Successful login time: Sat Aug 05 2017 23:02:28 +08:00

Connected to:
Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.2.0.1.0 - 64bit Production

SQL> 
SQL> execute dbms_service.disconnect_session(-
> service_name=>'HR',disconnect_option=>DBMS_SERVICE.IMMEDIATE);

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

SQL> 
In the HEMANT session connected to HR :
SQL> show con_id
ERROR:
ORA-03113: end-of-file on communication channel
Process ID: 5062
Session ID: 67 Serial number: 12744


SP2-1545: This feature requires Database availability.
SQL> 


(Instead of DBMS_SERVICE.IMMEDIATE, we could also specify DBMS_SERVICE.POST_TRANSACTION).


3.  Shutting down a Service without closing the PDB :

SQL> execute dbms_service.stop_service('HR');

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

SQL> 
SQL> connect hemant/hemant@HR
ERROR:
ORA-12514: TNS:listener does not currently know of service requested in connect
descriptor


Warning: You are no longer connected to ORACLE.
SQL> 


Does restarting the Database, restart this custom service?

SQL> connect / as sysdba
Connected.
SQL> shutdown immediate;
Database closed.
Database dismounted.
ORACLE instance shut down.
SQL> startup
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area  838860800 bytes
Fixed Size      8798312 bytes
Variable Size    343936920 bytes
Database Buffers   478150656 bytes
Redo Buffers      7974912 bytes
Database mounted.
Database opened.
SQL> alter pluggable databas all open;
alter pluggable databas all open
                *
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-02000: missing DATABASE keyword


SQL> alter pluggable database all open;

Pluggable database altered.

SQL> connect hemant/hemant@NEWPDB
Connected.
SQL> connect hemant/hemant@HR
ERROR:
ORA-12514: TNS:listener does not currently know of service requested in connect
descriptor


Warning: You are no longer connected to ORACLE.
SQL> 
SQL> connect system/oracle@NEWPDB
Connected.
SQL> execute dbms_service.start_service('HR');

PL/SQL procedure successfully completed.

SQL> connect hemant/hemant@HR
Connected.
SQL> 


I had to reSTART this custom service ('HR') after the PDB was OPENed.

Services is a facility that has been available since 8i non-OPS.  However, Services were apparently only being used by most sites in RAC environments.

Services allow you to run multiple "applications" (each application advertised as a Service) within the same (one) database.

Note that, in a RAC environment, srvctl configuration of Services can configure auto-restart of the Service.


UPDATE : A Video using a different PDB (in the same CDB) and ServiceName is posted here.
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