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24 August, 2014

ASM Commands : 2 -- Migrating a DiskGroup to New Disk(s)

In 11gR2 Grid Infrastructure and RAC

After the previous demonstration of adding a new DiskGroup, I now demonstrate migrating the DiskGroup to a new pair of disks.

First, I create a table in the Tablespace on that DiskGroup.

[root@node1 ~]# su - oracle
-sh-3.2$ sqlplus

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.2.0 Production on Sun Aug 24 22:17:28 2014

Copyright (c) 1982, 2010, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Enter user-name: hemant/hemant

Connected to:
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.2.0 - Production
With the Partitioning, Real Application Clusters, Automatic Storage Management, OLAP,
Data Mining and Real Application Testing options

SQL> create table new_tbs_tbl                        
  2  tablespace new_tbs
  3  as select * from dba_objects 
  4  /

Table created.

SQL> select segment_name, bytes/1048576
  2  from user_segments
  3  where tablespace_name = 'NEW_TBS'
  4  /

SEGMENT_NAME
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
BYTES/1048576
-------------
NEW_TBS_TBL
            9


SQL> select file_name, bytes/1048576
  2  from dba_data_files
  3  where tablespace_name = 'NEW_TBS'
  4  /

FILE_NAME
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
BYTES/1048576
-------------
+DATA3/racdb/datafile/new_tbs.256.855792859
          100


SQL> 


Next, I verify that the DiskGroup is currently on disk asmdisk.7 and that the two new disks that I plan to migrate the DiskGroup to are available as asmdisk.8 and asmdisk.9  (yes, unfortunately, they are on /fra, instead of /data1 or /data2 because I have run out of disk space in /data1 and /data2).
This I do from node1 :

SQL> exit
Disconnected from Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.2.0 - Production
With the Partitioning, Real Application Clusters, Automatic Storage Management, OLAP,
Data Mining and Real Application Testing options
-sh-3.2$ exit
logout

[root@node1 ~]# 
[root@node1 ~]# su - grid
-sh-3.2$ sqlplus 

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.2.0 Production on Sun Aug 24 22:22:32 2014

Copyright (c) 1982, 2010, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Enter user-name: / as sysasm

Connected to:
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.2.0 - Production
With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage Management options

SQL> l
  1  select d.name, d.path
  2  from v$asm_disk d, v$asm_diskgroup g
  3  where d.group_number=g.group_number
  4* and g.name = 'DATA3'
SQL> /

NAME
------------------------------
PATH
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
DATA3_0000
/data1/asmdisk.7


SQL> 
SQL> !sh
sh-3.2$ ls -l /fra/asmdisk*
-rwxrwxr-x 1 grid oinstall 1024000000 Aug 24 22:06 /fra/asmdisk.8
-rwxrwxr-x 1 grid oinstall 1024000000 Aug 24 22:07 /fra/asmdisk.9
sh-3.2$


Note how the ownership and permissions are set for the two new disks (see my previous post).

I now add the two new disks.

sh-3.2$ exit
exit

SQL> show parameter power

NAME                                 TYPE        VALUE
------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------
asm_power_limit                      integer     1
SQL> alter diskgroup data3  add disk '/fra/asmdisk.8', '/fra/asmdisk.9';

Diskgroup altered.

SQL> 
SQL> select * from v$asm_operation;

GROUP_NUMBER OPERA STAT      POWER     ACTUAL      SOFAR   EST_WORK   EST_RATE
------------ ----- ---- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ----------
EST_MINUTES ERROR_CODE
----------- --------------------------------------------
           3 REBAL RUN           1          1          1        101         60
          1


SQL> 


With ASM_POWERLIMIT set to 1, Oracle ASM automatically starts a REBALANCE operation.  However, since I did *not* drop the existing asmdisk.7, Oracle will still continue to use it.

After a while, I confirm that the REBALANCE has completed.  I can now drop asmdisk.7.  Unfortunately, this will trigger a new REBALANCE !

SQL> l
  1* select * from v$asm_operation
SQL> /

no rows selected

SQL> 
SQL> l
  1  select d.name, d.path
  2  from v$asm_disk d, v$asm_diskgroup g
  3  where d.group_number=g.group_number
  4* and g.name = 'DATA3'
SQL> /

NAME
------------------------------
PATH
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
DATA3_0000
/data1/asmdisk.7

DATA3_0002
/fra/asmdisk.9

DATA3_0001
/fra/asmdisk.8


SQL> 
SQL> alter diskgroup data3 drop disk '/data1/asmdisk.7';
alter diskgroup data3 drop disk '/data1/asmdisk.7'
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-15032: not all alterations performed
ORA-15054: disk "/DATA1/ASMDISK.7" does not exist in diskgroup "DATA3"


SQL> alter diskgroup data3 drop disk 'DATA3_0000';

Diskgroup altered.

SQL> 
SQL> select * from v$asm_operation;

GROUP_NUMBER OPERA STAT      POWER     ACTUAL      SOFAR   EST_WORK   EST_RATE
------------ ----- ---- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ----------
EST_MINUTES ERROR_CODE
----------- --------------------------------------------
           3 REBAL RUN           1          1          2        102        120
          0


SQL> 
SQL> l
  1* select * from v$asm_operation
SQL> 
SQL> /

GROUP_NUMBER OPERA STAT      POWER     ACTUAL      SOFAR   EST_WORK   EST_RATE
------------ ----- ---- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ----------
EST_MINUTES ERROR_CODE
----------- --------------------------------------------
           3 REBAL RUN           1          1         47        101         95
          0


SQL> /

no rows selected

SQL> 


NOTE : Note how I must specify the Disk NAME (not the PATH) for the DROP. When I added disks asmdisk.8 and asmdisk.9, I could have given then meaningful names as well. Oracle has automatically named them.

Ideally, what I should have done is to use the ADD and DROP command together.  That way, I would have a single-pass REBALANCE required.

After a while, I run my validation queries on node2.


[root@node2 ~]# su - grid
-sh-3.2$ sqlplus

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.2.0 Production on Sun Aug 24 22:42:39 2014

Copyright (c) 1982, 2010, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Enter user-name: / as sysasm

Connected to:
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.2.0 - Production
With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage Management options

SQL> select d.name, d.path
    from v$asm_disk d, v$asm_diskgroup g
    where d.group_number=g.group_number
   and g.name = 'DATA3'  2    3    4  
  5  
SQL> l
  1  select d.name, d.path
  2      from v$asm_disk d, v$asm_diskgroup g
  3      where d.group_number=g.group_number
  4*    and g.name = 'DATA3'
SQL> /

NAME
------------------------------
PATH
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
DATA3_0002
/fra/asmdisk.9

DATA3_0001
/fra/asmdisk.8


SQL> 
SQL> exit
Disconnected from Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.2.0 - Production
With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage Management options
-sh-3.2$ exit
logout

[root@node2 ~]# su - oracle
-sh-3.2$ 
-sh-3.2$ sqlplus

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.2.0 Production on Sun Aug 24 22:44:10 2014

Copyright (c) 1982, 2010, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Enter user-name: hemant/hemant

Connected to:
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.2.0 - Production
With the Partitioning, Real Application Clusters, Automatic Storage Management, OLAP,
Data Mining and Real Application Testing options

SQL> select count(*) from new_tbs_tbl;

  COUNT(*)
----------
     72460

SQL> 


I have now accessed the table, tablespace, diskgroup and disks from node2 successfully. Disk asmdisk.7 is no longer part of the DiskGroup.

I can physically remove disk asmdisk7 from the storage.


SQL> exit
Disconnected from Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.2.0 - Production
With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage Management options
-sh-3.2$ exit
logout

[root@node1 ~]# cd /data1
[root@node1 data1]# ls -l asmdisk.7
-rwxrwxr-x 1 grid oinstall 2048000000 Aug 24 22:39 asmdisk.7
[root@node1 data1]# rm asmdisk.7
rm: remove regular file `asmdisk.7'? y
[root@node1 data1]# 
[root@node1 data1]# su - grid
-sh-3.2$ sqlplus

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.2.0 Production on Sun Aug 24 22:50:18 2014

Copyright (c) 1982, 2010, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Enter user-name: / as sysasm

Connected to:
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.2.0 - Production
With the Real Application Clusters and Automatic Storage Management options

SQL> set pages 60
SQL> col name format a15
SQL> col path format a20
SQL> select group_number, name, path
  2  from v$asm_disk
  3  order by 1,2;

GROUP_NUMBER NAME            PATH
------------ --------------- --------------------
           0                 /crs/voting.disk
           0                 /data1/votedisk.1
           0                 /data2/votedisk.2
           0                 /fra/votedisk.3
           1 DATA1_0000      /data1/asmdisk.1
           1 DATA1_0001      /data2/asmdisk.4
           2 DATA2_0000      /data1/asmdisk.2
           2 DATA2_0001      /data2/asmdisk.5
           2 DATA2_0002      /data2/asmdisk.6
           3 DATA3_0001      /fra/asmdisk.8
           3 DATA3_0002      /fra/asmdisk.9
           4 DATA_0000       /crs/ocr.configurati
                             on

           5 FRA_0000        /fra/fradisk.3
           5 FRA_0001        /fra/fradisk.2
           5 FRA_0002        /fra/fradisk.1
           5 FRA_0003        /fra/fradisk.4

16 rows selected.

SQL> 

The disk asmdisk.7 is no longer part of the storage. (Remember : All my disks here are on NFS).
.
.
.

2 comments:

karthik munnappan said...

Good Explanation ... Thanks for Sharing

yogesh batra said...

Thanks

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